What is linux?

Linux is a free operating system based on Unix, just like Macs have MacOS X and we've got windows, linux is another option. Linux isn't a single operating system but more of a broad blanket that covers multiple distributions which we'll cover. So what is the advantage of linux? Quite simply: It's free and tend to offer free alternatives to software you may currently use such as Microsoft office alternatives such as Libre office (Available on windows also).

The best part? All these you don't need to install, you can simply write the image to a flash drive, boot off it and try out the distribution hassle free, even if you find it isn't for you just to give a taste to what else is out there if you're a regular user or an IT guru I highly recommend having a look at them to see how different they are and how they could work for you.
So lets look at some distributions

Ubuntu

This distribution is a fairly often used distribution to it's ease of installation and support forums, it's fairly straight forward and easy to get used to however as all distributions there is a slight learning curve, it's not exactly the same as windows although there are simliar desktops.


Solus

A Personal favorite of mine, this is a rolling release distribution which means you don't have to reinstall every year or so to make sure you're supported. Their package management system (The way they manage updates) has a graphical interface for ease of installation and all in all is a fairly tidy distribution.


Linux Mint

This distribution is probably one people go to for hardware out of the box support but not a great deal of security, it's based of ubuntu so has the ubuntu package manager which makes updating and adding packages a breeze.


Manjaro

This is a fast, user-friendly desktop-oriented distribution based on Arch Linux, it's key features are intuitive installation, automatic hardware detection, stable rolling-release much like solus however the unfortunate thing is being aimed at fast graphically it does lack on the eye candy that distributions like Ubuntu and solus have by default (Depending on desktop)


Kali

Not really a linux distribution you'd install as such but more aimed at security experts for pentesting it offers a variety of tools for testing and recovering system infromation including network testing software